ARC Technologies' (ARC) proven three stage methane extraction system takes raw Landfill/Digester Gas (biogas) and converts it to pipeline quality natural gas and or CNG by removing all impurities in the raw feedstock.
Figure 1 above shows the second stage of ARC Technologies' proprietary methane extraction system. The pressure swing absorption (PSA) unit is designed to remove carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen (N2) and oxygen (O2) from pretreated biogas gas streams. The resulting high-grade methane (CH4) product stream can be used as pipeline natural gas or CNG fuel. The PSA unit will automatically adjust its configuration when a sudden increase in N2 & O2 is seen in its feedstock, due to an upset (broken hose, etc.) in the gas collection system. This automatic function allows the system to continually produce pipeline quality gas. The system is designed to recover the maximum methane possible based on its feedstock gas quality.
The first stage of ARC Technologies' methane extraction system is its proprietary pretreatment process which removes the contaminants that are in the biogas's feedstock. These contaminants can cause serious problems in any plant's feedstock in regards to engine, turbine and gas processing equipment.
The third stage of ARC Technologies' methane extraction system is its proprietary Near Zero Emissions System Technology (nZEST) that maximizes the Bio-methane recovery and helps to eliminate on site air emissions.
What is pretreated biogas?
Pretreated biogas is a gas stream in which the contaminants have been removed and can be delivered to the gas separation section of the gas plant or to a turbine/engine generator set to produce electrical power. The following contaminants need to be addressed in biogas, which will in turn greatly extend the life expectancy of the overall plant media, compressors and/or turbine/engine generator sets. ARC Technologies' pretreatment process will remove the following contaminants:
What is nZEST?
Near Zero Emissions System Technology (nZEST) incorporates ARC's Patented Gas venting system / Gas treatment system for the liquid removal of Non-Methane Organic Compounds (NMOC) and other gas contaminates. The system allows for the recovery of all the valuable bio-methane and acts as an emission control device that meets the Bio-Methane Owner's Air permit. Permitting/using an ARC's plant as the emission control device eliminates the conventional flare and plant off-gas thermal oxidizer. Existing competitor's Technologies require their plant's off-gas to be sent a thermal oxidizer. This practice produces additional site emissions, consumes energy through supplemental fuel usage and costs money to operate.
Figure 2 shows a schematic diagram of the major components of ARC Technologies' biogas treatment process.
In Figure 2, the landfill generates methane in an anaerobic bacterial environment. ARC Technologies' landfill vacuum blower shown as the "Landfill Vacuum Source" pulls landfill gas (LFG) into the gas processing system. The control system allows the proper vacuum set point to be maintained to maximize the methane production. The gas enters through the first of two gas scrubbers, designed to reduce H2S and siloxanes. The fluid in this scrubber is regenerated and reused by the system. A second scrubber is shown on the discharge side of a vacuum blower, which removes Non-methane organic compounds (NMOC's).
The main compression system has the capability to take the gas pressure from 0 psig to as high as 120 psig. ARC Technologies' gas separation process, shown above, normally operates in the range of 100 psig for proper gas separation. The main advantage of the low compression design is safety and energy consumption.
After the compression stage, water is removed and a final gas-polishing step is used to catch any remaining contaminants.
The pretreated biogas now enters one or more vertical PSA columns. Each
PSA column has three sections for processing gas.
The system adjusts the control algorithm to achieve the maximum recovery rate for the product gas. ARC Technologies' design allows for a 3 to 1 turn down ratio in regards to plant inlet feedstock flow. The plant's design allows for additional capacity with the addition of vertical columns.
The PSA column has a second product port, which, when used, will deliver product feed gas for turbine, engine and CNG use with very little pressure drop (loss). For the past two years ARC has been successfully operating a system on a Waste Management landfill and injecting high quality gas into the pipeline.
When you buy a system from ARC Technologies, you will be dealing with only one manufacturer who will take care of all the complex issues of a project this size. No matter if you are a landfill owner or a developer, ARC Technologies is capable of completing all phases of the project such as:
ARC Technologies High BTU PSA system located at the Seminole Road Landfill near Atlanta, Georgia
ARC Technologies offers a Patent Pending on site Landfill Gas Enhancement service and training which directly increases existing gas collection gas quality and the value of the collected bio-methane. This one week service is guaranteed to show improvements and further the improvements over time by the landfill owner's field operators. The system confirms the landfill gas collection system's integrity, gas quality and feasibility for further enhancements of the landfill gas for beneficial use as a renewable fuel or RNG (renewable natural gas), rather than destroying it in a flare.
ARC is the leader in process technology for pretreatment and total
treatment of waste gas. We offer competitive pricing, high process
efficiency, low operating costs and reliability that are second to
none. Whether you are cleaning the gas to enhance your turbines
reliability, producing vehicle fuel or looking to enter the pipeline, there
is only one company who can meet your needs. The ARC process stands
alone in its ability to clean waste gases cost effectively and efficiently
utilizing proven technology at a competitive price.
Please feel free to contact us today to visit our operating plant or to discuss your project.
Stan Siegel President/CEO ARC Technologies Corporation
Phone: (724) 722-7066
FAX: (724) 722-7068
Mobile: (724) 454-9048
ARC Technologies Corp.
P.O. Box 485
Yukon, PA 15698-0485
ARC Technologies is granted US Patent US8568512.
ARC Technologies is granted Russian Federation Patent Number 2558881.
ARC Technologies is granted Australian Patent.
ARC Technologies is granted Chinese Patent.
South Hills PSA plant offered for sale and relocation
ARC Technologies joined the Global Methane Initiative.
ARC Technologies receives 5 year maintenance and operations contract from DeKalb County, Georgia.